Reference no: EM13828876
Case Study: Keflavik Paper Company
In recent years, Keflavik Paper Company has been having problems with its project management process. A number of commercial projects, for example, have come in late and well over budget, and product performance has been inconsistent. A comprehensive analysis of the process has traced many of the problems back to faulty project selection methods.
Keflavik is a medium-sized corporation that manufactures a variety of paper products, including specialty papers and the coated papers used in the photography and printing industries. Despite cyclical downturns due to general economic conditions, the firm's annual sales have grown steadily though slowly. About five years ago, Keflavik embarked on a project-based approach to new product opportunities. The goal was to improve profitability and generate additional sales volume by developing new commercial products quickly, with better targeting to specific customer needs. The results so far have not been encouraging. The company's project development record is spotty. Some projects have been delivered on time, but others have been late; budgets have been routinely overrun; and product performance has been inconsistent, with some projects yielding good returns and others losing money.
Top management hired a consultant to analyze the firm's processes and determine the most efficient way to fix its project management procedures. The consultant attributed the main problems not to the project management processes themselves, but to the manner in which projects are added to the company's portfolio. The primary mechanism for new project selection focused almost exclusively on discounted cash flow models, such as net present value analysis. Essentially, if a project promised profitable revenue streams, it was approved by top management.
One result of this practice was the development of a "family" of projects that were often almost completely unrelated. No one, it seems, ever asked whether projects that were added to the portfolio fit with other ongoing projects. Keflavik attempted to expand into coated papers, photographic products, shipping and packaging materials, and other lines that strayed far from the firm's original niche. New projects were rarely measured against the firm's strategic mission, and little effort was made to evaluate them according to its technical resources. Some new projects, for example, failed to fit because they required significant organizational learning and new technical expertise and training (all of which was expensive and time-consuming). The result was a portfolio of diverse, mismatched projects that was difficult to manage.
Further, the diverse nature of the new product line and development processes decreased organizational learning and made it impossible for Keflavik's project managers to move easily from one assignment to the next. The hodgepodge of projects made it difficult for managers to apply lessons learned from one project to the next. Because the skills acquired on one project were largely nontransferable, project teams routinely had to relearn processes whenever they moved to a new project.
The consultant suggested that Keflavik rethink its project selection and screening processes. In order to lend some coherence to its portfolio, the firm needed to include alternative screening mechanisms. All new projects, for instance, had to be evaluated in terms of the company's strategic goals and were required to demonstrate complementarity with its current portfolio. He further recommended that in order to match project managers with the types of projects that the company was increasingly undertaking, it should analyze their current skill sets. Although Keflavik has begun implementing these and other recommendations, progress so far has been slow. In particular, top managers have found it hard to reject opportunities 103104that offer positive cash flow. They have also had to relearn the importance of project prioritization. Nevertheless, a new prioritization scheme is in place, and it seems to be improving both the selection of new project opportunities and the company's ability to manage projects once they are funded.
The Keflavik Paper Company is a case with a problem in determining a project management process for new product development.
Answer the following questions:
What does this case demonstrate about the effect of poor project screening methods on a firm's ability to manage projects effectively?
How would project portfolio management help to improve the situation at Keflavik?
If you think about it, all business problems are case studies. To effectively evaluate the situation, you must approach the problem in a methodological manner. A proven technique to do this is to do the following:
list the facts;
identify the issues;
based on the facts of the case and your knowledge, analyze the issues of the case;
Do you think it is important to integrate projects with the strategic plan of the organization? Why or why not? Discuss how limited resources (people and money) can mean that organizations need to apply them where they will benefit the company goals and mission.
Employees may not have a good idea about how project management decisions should be made (checking resources!) especially during times of change, growth, downsizing etc. In a perfect world, what other types of important considerations should employees be aware of when making important decisions? Do you think that communicating this information throughout the organization helps employees make better decisions, why or why not?
The Widgets 'R Us case study is a case with a problem of how the company is set up and how the company will handle operations with its projected growth.
Answer the following questions:
You have been called in as a consultant to analyze the operations at WRU. Based on the readings, what would you advise Widgets 'R Us to do in order to sustain the competitive advantage in the widget market?
What structural design changes might be undertaken to improve the operations at the company?
What distinguishes the project life cycle from the product life cycle?
Given all the criteria that defines a project it is easy to see why the outcome of complicated projects evolve into standard operational activities. I might have a project to create a new product. But once the product is created, the manufacturing and distribution would become standard operational activities for the company.
Companies often have multiple projects going simultaneously. What role does the integrated management of projects play in this scenario?
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