+1-415-670-9189
info@expertsmind.com
Calculate the npv of the wildcat oil well
Course:- Finance Basics
Reference No.:- EM131285737




Assignment Help
Expertsmind Rated 4.9 / 5 based on 47215 reviews.
Review Site
Assignment Help >> Finance Basics

The Jones Family, Incorporated

The Scene: Early evening in an ordinary family room in Manhattan. Modern furniture, with old copies of The Wall Street Journal and the Financial Times scattered around. Autographed photos of Alan Greenspan and George Soros are prominently displayed. A picture window reveals a distant view of lights on the Hudson River. John Jones sits at a computer terminal, glumly sipping a glass of chardonnay and putting on a carry trade in Japanese yen over the Internet. His wife Marsha enters.

Marsha:Hi, honey. Glad to be home. Lousy day on the trading floor, though. Dullsville. No volume. But I did manage to hedge next year's production from our copper mine. I couldn't get a good quote on the right package of futures contracts, so I arranged a commodity swap.

John doesn't reply.

Marsha:John, what's wrong? Have you been selling yen again? That's been a losing trade for weeks.

John:Well, yes. I shouldn't have gone to Goldman Sachs's foreign exchange brunch. But I've got to get out of the house somehow. I'm cooped up here all day calculating covariances and efficient risk-return trade-offs while you're out trading commodity futures. You get all the glamour and excitement.

Marsha: Don't worry, dear, it will be over soon. We only recalculate our most efficient common stock portfolio once a quarter. Then you can go back to leveraged leases.

John: You trade, and I do all the worrying. Now there's a rumor that our leasing company is going to get a hostile takeover bid. I knew the debt ratio was too low, and you forgot to put on the poison pill. And now you've made a negative-NPV investment!

Marsha: What investment?

John: That wildcat oil well. Another well in that old Sourdough field. It's going to cost $5 million! Is there any oil down there?

Marsha: That Sourdough field has been good to us, John. Where do you think we got the capital for your yen trades? I bet we'll find oil. Our geologists say there's only a 30% chance of a dry hole.

John:Even if we hit oil, I bet we'll only get 75 barrels of crude oil per day.

Marsha:That's 75 barrels day in, day out. There are 365 days in a year, dear.
John and Marsha's teenage son Johnny bursts into the room.

Johnny:Hi, Dad! Hi, Mom! Guess what? I've made the junior varsity derivatives team! That means I can go on the field trip to the Chicago Board Options Exchange. (Pauses.) What's wrong?

John:Your mother has made another negative-NPV investment. A wildcat oil well, way up on the North Slope of Alaska.

Johnny:That's OK, Dad. Mom told me about it. I was going to do an NPV calculation yesterday, but I had to finish calculating the junk-bond default probabilities for my corporate finance homework. (Grabs a financial calculator from his backpack.) Let's see: 75 barrels a day times 365 days per year times $100 per barrel when delivered in Los Angeles...that's $2.7 million per year.

John:That's $2.7 million next year, assuming that we find any oil at all. The production will start declining by 5% every year. And we still have to pay $20 per barrel in pipeline and tanker charges to ship the oil from the North Slope to Los Angeles. We've got some serious operating leverage here.

Marsha:On the other hand, our energy consultants project increasing oil prices. If they increase with inflation, price per barrel should increase by roughly 2.5% per year. The wells ought to be able to keep pumping for at least 15 years.

Johnny:I'll calculate NPV after I finish with the default probabilities. The interest rate is 6%. Is it OK if I work with the beta of .8 and our usual figure of 7% for the market risk premium?

Marsha: I guess so, Johnny. But I am concerned about the fixed shipping costs.

John:(Takes a deep breath and stands up.) Anyway, how about a nice family dinner? I've reserved our usual table at the Four Seasons.
Everyone exits.

Announcer:

Is the wildcat well really negative-NPV? Will John and Marsha have to fight a hostile takeover? Will Johnny's derivatives team use BlackScholes or the binomial method? Find out in the next episode of The Jones Family, Incorporated.

You may not aspire to the Jones family's way of life, but you will learn about all their activities, from futures contracts to binomial option pricing, later in this book. Meanwhile, you may wish to replicate Johnny's NPV analysis.

QUESTIONS

1. Calculate the NPV of the wildcat oil well, taking account of the probability of a dry hole, the shipping costs, the decline in production, and the forecasted increase in oil prices. How long does production have to continue for the well to be a positive-NPV investment? Ignore taxes and other possible complications.

2. Now consider operating leverage. How should the shipping costs be valued, assuming that output is known and the costs are fixed? How would your answer change if the shipping costs were proportional to output? Assume that unexpected fluctuations in output are zero-beta and diversifiable. (Hint: The Jones's oil company has an excellent credit rating. Its long-term borrowing rate is only 7%.)




Put your comment
 
Minimize


Ask Question & Get Answers from Experts
Browse some more (Finance Basics) Materials
So if US Fed is intensifying intensify its raising of short term interest rates, does it mean the new interest rate is 0.75% + 2% = 2.75%. Therefore amount of interest per y
What exactly are FELINE PRIDES securities and how are they structured to provide the benefits of both equity and debt. How does the use of these securities create value for
Procure estimates of current mortgage rates, including discount points, on 30 year fixed rate mortgage payments for a $200,000 conventional mortgage from four mortgage lenders
A 5-year project requires the initial purchase of a $100,000 machine. This machine has an 8-year life and will be depreciated straight-line to zero. At the end of the projec
Explain why buying common stocks based on each of the following financial ratios would or would not be a good investment strategy:  (a) a low price/sales (P/S) ratio; (b) a
Suppose you find, as research indicates, that in the cross-section regression of the CCAPM, the coefficients of factor loadings on the Fama-French model are significant pred
Asset S has an expected return of 10 percent and a standard deviation of 19 percent. The correlation between the two assets is .50. What are the standard deviation and expecte
Ryngaert Inc. recently issued noncallable bonds that mature in 15 years. They have a par value of $1,000 and an annual coupon of 5.7%. If the current market interest rate is