Angle between Two Straight Lines:
(1) The angle a between two lines whose slopes are m, and m2 is given by m1-m2
tan q =
If q is angle between two lines then p-q is also the angle between them.
If the value of tan a given by the above formula is positive we get the acute angle between the lines and if it is negative, we get the obtuse angle between the lines.
(i) If the lines are parallel, then m1 = m2
(ii) If the lines are perpendicular, then m1m2 = - 1
(2) If the given equation of straight lines are a1x + b1y + c1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c2 = q, then the angle between the lines q2 is given by
tan q = a1a2 + b1b2
(i) If the lines are parallel, then
(ii) If the lines are perpendicular, then a1a2 + b1b2 = 0.
(iii) The slope of a line parallel to x-axis is 0 as slope of x-axis is 0. (iv) The slope of a line parallel to y-axis is not defined.
(v) The slope is independent of the sense of the line segment i.e., slope of AB = slope of BA.
The equation of any straight line: parallel to a given line ax + by + C = 0 is ax + by + k = 0.
The equation of any straight line perpendicular to a given line, ax + by + c = 0 is bx - ay + k = 0.
The equation of any straight line passing through the point of intersection of two given lines l1 = a1x + b1y + c = 0 and l2 = a2x + b2y + c2 = 0 is
l2 + Al2 = 0
Where A is any real number, which can be determined by given additional condition in the question.
The length of perpendicular from a given point (x1, v1) to a given line ax + by + c = 0 is
In particular, the length of perpendicular from origin (0, 0) to the line
ax + by + c = 0 is
Position of Two Points with respect to a line: Two points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are on the same side or on the opposite side of the straight line ax + by + c = 0 according as the values of ax1 + by1 + c and ax2 + by2 + c are of the same sign or of opposite sign.
Equations of Bisectors: The equations of bisectors of the angles between the lines a1x + b1y + c1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c2= 0 are
Note: Any point on a bisector is Equidistant from the given lines.
(i) Equation of the bisector of the angle in which the origin lies is
provided the equations of the lines are so written that c1 and c2 are either both positive or both negative.
(ii) If e be angle between one of the given lines and one bisector, then if the absolute value of tan q i.e.,
| tan q| < 1, then it is the bisector of acute angle and if | tan q | > 1, then it is the bisector of obtuse angle.
(iii) If the constant terms c1 and c2 and a2x + b2y + c2 = 0 are of the same sign, then the angle between these two lines in which the origin lies is acute if a1a2 + b1b2 < 0 and obtuse if a1a2 + b1b2 > 0.
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