The death of Pharaoh Tutankhamen has always remained a topic of vehement debates and unending discussions. Whether he died a natural death or was murdered has been a question that has been asked by both laymen and scholars alike. Myriads of historians, anthropologists, archaeologists, and many other scholars have toiled a lot to find a proper answer to the mystery that shroud the incidents that led to the death of one of the youngest rulers in the history of human civilization. And in this relation it should be mentioned that if on one hand some group of scholars opine that young Tutankhamen's death was caused by falling from his chariot or by a major illness, on the other hands there are some other scholars who state that due to the greed of acquiring power Tutankhamen was murdered in a planned manner. And though I am a supporter of the murder theory, before coming to any conclusion regarding the actual cause of Tutankhamen's death one should go through both the theories relating to the issue.
Some theories regarding the mysterious death of Tutankhamen state that the young Pharaoh probably died of an infection. Recent forensic studies accompanied with new CT scans have revealed the broken leg of the Pharaoh from which infection might have been caused and this infection ultimately led to the death of young Tutankhamen ("The Death or Murder of Tutankhamun", n.d.). And to support this view many other scholars have added the concept that the young Pharaoh, during one of his hunting expeditions, fell from his chariot, breaking his leg ("The Death or Murder of Tutankhamun", n.d.), and this broken leg ultimately paved the way for the intrusion of infection which ultimately claimed his life. But though all these theories indicate to a natural death of Tutankhamen, some other group of scholars has denied such concept. According to some group of people including historians, researchers, and scholars, Tutankhamen was actually murdered by either one of his close subjects, Ay and Horemheb. This theory has come to surface because there are several reasons that can be forwarded to establish the fact that Pharaoh Akhenaten died leaving behind him a mighty empire full of dilemmas, power mongering, internal chaos, and hidden rivalries. After the death of Akhenaten, Tutankhamen ascended the throne of the pharaoh of such a kingdom that was composed of officials and priests who were already waiting for a chance to secure the most authoritative position in the empire. The supporters of the murder theory cite the forensic reports that reveal a crack in the skull of Tutankhamen and such a crack, according to them, was caused by hitting the head with a heavy object ("The Death or Murder of Tutankhamun", n.d.). And such a report clearly point to the fact that Tutankhamen was murdered. Moreover, as Ay was the most potent candidate for the post of the Pharaoh in the absence of Tutankhamen, and as he was greedy and as he ultimately ascended the throne quickly after Tutankhamen's death ("Who Succeeded Tut's Throne?", n.d.), the theory of murder looks feasible. And all these are reasons to become inclined towards the theory of murder.
In conclusion, both the theories regarding the death of Pharaoh Tutankhamen have in them some degree of feasibility and as this is so, still now it is not possible to accept any one of the theories to be the most perfect one. But it is to be accepted that though forensic revelations are pointer to the fact that Tutankhamen died from severe ailment, the political ground for murder and the intentions and motives that might have instigated the perpetrators to kill Tutankhamen, should also be taken into consideration to ultimately pave the way for the discovery of the ultimate and rudimentary reality.