Bullying is a wider problem experienced in both private schools and in the public. It has negative impacts on students as well as to the school environment. The students' rights are violated by other students, it makes them feel insecure. Most of them are unable to report this practices to their teachers because of victimization that they will undergo in the hands of those oppressing them. It has long-term negative effects on student performance, emotional and physical behaviors. According to Jungert and Thornberg, (2016) it is the action of being harassed by one or more students. He argued that the primary focus of those bullying others is to gain powers over those oppressed.
There are several ways of bullying: physical bullying (include spitting, kicking, pushing and stealing), psychological (include rumors, intimidation, exclusion from groups and relationships), verbal (include calling other funny names, taunting and malicious teasing). There are mainly two components that are common in bullying: psychological and imbalance of power. It was observed that bullying is not common among students with the same age,(Vidourek et.al, 2016). Those with older age tend to harass those young than their age group. The main goal that drives them is to get power and be obeyed. The psychological impact possesses by those intimidated is for the long term. They feel insecure of their rights.
Facts about Bullying
The studies reveal that more than 30% of students in upper classes grades 6-8 are victim and perpetrator of this actions (Saarento and Salmivalli., 2015). The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development reveal that 6 students who carry out this action against other students have been at one time bullied. Additionally, the research revealed that 8% of the students were being harassed weekly ((Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, 2001). It is evident that this kind harassment tend to increase relatively in all levels of grades. Verbal abuse is the most common practice, followed by derogatory abuse and social isolation. This action is most common in the middle grades, it involves physical harassment, theft, sexual, public humiliation, and teasing.Ha and Sim, (2016)) observed that it is common in areas which are less monitored by teachers.
Both genders is involved in bullying. However, the research indicates that boys are major victims and bullies. Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, (2001), reveal that there is no level of significance between boys and girls in bullying. It further indicates that 8% of boys and 7% of girls are both victims of bullies and bullies. Zirkel, (2013)observe that boys are involved in a more aggressive way of bullying than girls. Additionally, they assert that boys tend to bully both genders while girls bully fellow girls.
It was evident that those students who are bullies other students are not popular in school. They experience many challenges involving crime and also perform poorly in classes. According to the (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2001) Report, indicates that these students are likely to involve themselves in vandalism, fighting, and drug abuse. There is also a strong correlation between those people arrested and their characters while at school. According toJia et.al (2016)reveal that, in convictions carried out, most students arrested were in the middle-class 6-9. It also identified that 10% of the boys were not bully, while 40% of boys were bullied though others lied a low profile.
Bullying behaviors normally begin at home and at school. While at home children need to be observed keenly by their parents. Kim, (2015). observed that good relationship between parent and their kids is healthy, it shapes the kid behaviors. At school, it's more influenced by the peer pressure. Zirkel (2013) argue that those students who are in the same social groups tend to adopt those behaviors. The kind of the punishment that children get at home determines also their behavior both at home and school.Vidourek et al., (2016) observed that those kids who were canned at home and thrown at with weapons are victims of bullies.
Characteristics of Bullies
The research reveals that bullies target that student who is weak. They often see them as their soft landing. The victims fear to walk alone in a school compound, they spend most of their time around their teachers or other students (Saarento et.al. 2015). The study also indicates that bully students receive much protection from their parents. Parents tend to protect their kids in school whenever they are called upon by the school administration over their kid behaviors.
The physical appearance of the student does not relate to his/her behaviors (Zirkel, 2013). The only thing that is associated with bullies is the student emotion and the physical strength. Those students who are muscular tend to harass those that are weak. Differences in classes also play a significant role, students in the upper classes tend to harass those in lower classes.
The school administration and the parents need to work hand in hand to improve behaviors in school. The school needs to adopt strict rules and regulations governing students. Those found bullying others should face the consequences of their wrongdoing. The ministry of Education needs also to set up rules that every school and parents must adhere to. Schools need to run different programs and training that can make all students feel comfortable while at school.